Anemia: A Common But Rarely Talked About Condition

 

Anaemia (Low HB Level)-
Anaemia is a condition that develops when your blood lacks enough healthy red blood cells or haemoglobin. Haemoglobin is the central part of red blood cells and binds oxygen. If you have too few or abnormal red blood cells, or your haemoglobin is abnormal or low, the cells in your body will not get enough oxygen.
India has the highest prevalence of Anemia. The majority is even higher among Indian women, with around 50% of women having low haemoglobin levels. Numerous studies conducted in India found that poor eating habits (not eating enough fruits, vitamin C, and legumes such as beans and peas)

#Symptoms-
Symptoms common to many types of Anemia include the following:

  • Easy fatigue and loss of energy
  • Unusually rapid heartbeat, particularly with exercise
  • Shortness of breath and headache, particularly with exercise
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Dizziness
  • Pale skin
  • Leg cramps
  • Insomnia

#Causes

  • Anaemia caused by blood loss- Active Bleeding
  • Anaemia caused by Nutritional deficiency
    • Iron Deficiency Anemia
    • Vit B12 and folic acid deficiency Anemia
  • Anaemia of chronic disease
  • Anaemia is caused by decreased or faulty red blood cell production.
  • Hemolytic Anemia- Diseases like Sickle cell disease, Thalassemia, and Enzyme deficiency like G6PD Deficiency.

#Diagnosing of Anemia

Lab tests for Anemia generally include the following:
Complete blood count (CBC): Determines the severity and type of Anemia (microcytic Anemia or small-sized red blood cells, normocytic Anemia of normal-sized red blood cells, or macrocytic Anemia or large-sized red blood cells) and is typically the first test ordered. The CBC report also includes information about other blood cells (white cells and platelets). Haemoglobin (Hgb) and hematocrit(Hct) measurements in a complete blood count test are commonly used to diagnose Anemia. They measure the amount of haemoglobin, which is an accurate reflection of red blood cell (RBC) quantity in the blood.

  • Stool haemoglobin test: Tests for blood in the stool may detect bleeding from the stomach or the intestines (stool Guaiac test or stool occult blood test).
  • Peripheral blood smear: Looks at the red blood cells under a microscope to determine the size, shape, number, and appearance, as well as evaluate other cells in the blood.
  • Iron level: A serum iron level may tell the doctor whether Anemia may be related to iron deficiency or not. This test is usually accompanied by other tests that measure the body’s iron storage capacity, such as transferrin and ferritin levels.
  • Transferrin level: Evaluates a protein that transports iron in the body.
  • Ferritin: Evaluates the total iron available in the body.
  • Folate: A vitamin needed to produce red blood cells, low in people with poor eating habits.
  • Vitamin B12: A vitamin needed to produce red blood cells and low in people with poor eating habits or pernicious Anemia.
  • Bilirubin: Useful to determine if the red blood cells are being destroyed within the body, which may be a sign of hemolytic Anemia.
  • Haemoglobin electrophoresis: Sometimes used when a person has a family history of Anemia; this test provides information on sickle cell anaemia or thalassemia.
  • Reticulocyte count: A measure of new red blood cells produced by the bone marrow
  • Liver function tests: A standard test to determine how the liver is working, which may give a clue to other underlying disease-causing Anemia.
  • Kidney function test: A very routine test and can help determine whether any kidney dysfunction exists. Kidney failure can result in erythropoietin (EPO) deficiency, leading to Anemia.
  • Bone marrow biopsy: Evaluates production of red blood cells and may be done when a bone marrow problem is suspected.
    Our Sahayog Pathology Lab, a fully automatic laboratory in Nanded City on Sinhagad Road, is well equipped for detecting your low Haemoglobin levels and diagnosing the cause of Anemia.

We have our Diagnostic services at Nanded City(Head Office), Dhayri, Warje, Ambegaon Katraj, Kirkitwadi, Manik Baug, Donje, Undri. We also provide the Home Collection Facility. For more info, visit us at https://www.sahayogdiagnostics.in/.

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